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Transgender feamales in Malaysia, regarding HIV and Islam: a qualitative research of stakeholders’ ideas

Transgender feamales in Malaysia, regarding HIV and Islam: a qualitative research of stakeholders’ ideas



Internationally, various key teams regarded as at dangerous of getting HIV is transgender lady, commonly a marginalised crowd. In Malaysian perspective we have seen a shortage of printed data relating to transgender women, a sensitive problems in a Muslim majority place, wherein Islam plays an influential character in environment. Plus, there’s been a paucity of study for exactly how this sort of problems connect with HIV cures in transgender women in Malaysia.

Hence, the objective of these studies would be to search the mindsets of stakeholders associated with HIV deterrence plan in Malaysia towards transgender lady, because of the Islamic setting.


In-depth interviews were attempted with stakeholders tangled up in HIV prohibition, Ministry of wellness, Religious leader and folks managing HIV, most notably transgender lady. Thirty five people are hired using purposive eating from June to December 2013 within Kuala Lumpur and related vicinities. Interview were face-to-face, audiotaped, transcribed verbatim and employed a framework studies.


Five key motifs come about from qualitative data; ideas of Transgender females in addition to their placed in culture; contacting Transgender people; Islamic doctrine; ‘Cure’, ‘Correction’ last but not least, mark and Discrimination.

Dialogue: Islamic rulings about transgenderism had been the reason distributed by members chastising transgender females, whilst there are in addition a lot more advanced conduct and area for argument. Persistent negative perceptions and stigma and discrimination made a climate where transgender female usually assumed more comfortable with non-governmental enterprises.


The circumstance of transgender feamales in Malaysia and HIV reduction try an extremely sensitive and painful and difficult setting for many stakeholders, considering the Muslim context and present legitimate method. Regardless of this clear impasse, there are virtually achievable locations that could be improved upon to optimize HIV reduction work as well as the surroundings for transgender women in Malaysia.


Worldwide, a trick associations thought to be at high risk of buying HIV is transgender girls, determined for the true purpose of this study, as lady given a man gender at rise but which decide on their own as being females. Transgender girls commonly express a marginalised populace and a ‘very large problem group for HIV’ [1]. In a comprehensive meta-analysis and organized analysis carried out by Baral and associates, an evaluation of this family member HIV load in transgender females was actually carried out contains 15 region which uncovered a pooled HIV occurrence of 19.1% in 11,066 female globally and so the likelihood percentage of being afflicted with HIV for transgender lady in contrast to all grown ups of a reproductive age ended up being 48.8 [1]. The authors deduce that there surely is an ‘urgent need of anticipation’ in transgender feamales in a group being often definitely not a part of nationwide HIV monitoring and discover elements, like wedding in dangerous sodomy with guy raising their own vulnerability, as well as mark and discrimination in medical configurations as limitations to opening HIV reduction facilities [1]. Inside UNAIDS Prohibition distance state, critical populations for example transgender ladies are not gotten to by recent prevention work [2]. The Parts of asia Pacific Trans Blueprint for overall health for action unmistakably describes ‘trans people as disproportionately afflicted with HIV—yet you may still find inadequate shows or business targeted to satisfy trans-specific want’ [3]. Studies have concluded that transgender women are at enhanced threat of HIV with elements, including high-risk intimate perceptions, retail sex services and stigma and discrimination [4]. Operario and co-workers carried out a meta-analysis and discovered the frequency of HIV would be high in transgender female sexual intercourse workers in comparison to transgender ladies who wouldn’t participate in sexual intercourse get the job done, 27.3% and 14.7% correspondingly [5].

Also, Transgender female frequently are at issues or need an increased load of medical and health factors other than HIV for example psychological state issues and substance abuse [6], not to mention pervading societal discrimination which might build a boundary to obtaining health care [7]. This is the circumstances around the globe as well as in the Asia-Pacific part in nations particularly, Malaysia [8].

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